Here are some more advanced reading lessons. I usually go onto these
exercises when children have mastered the phonic sounds for reading and are
ready for this next step.
We are going to put together 4 different types of materials for your
child to choose from to learn about phonograms and digraphs.
A digraph is a combination of 2 letters that make a single sound.
This is a collection of cards with pictures and corresponding words of
certain word groups. Each box has either a phonogram or digraph of the
most common language words. You can find more words here .
Use note cards for the words and on another set of cards to provide
matching pictures that match the words.-
For example, one group can be ai words such as-
Put the cards in a box with ai written on the front,outside part of the box.
The next box can be ea words such as-
Put the cards in a box with ea written on the front, outside part of the box.
The child reads the words and matches it to the picture.
If this is difficult, use a word card with the picture on the left
corner as a guide.
Continue to make other boxes as your child progresses.
The next material can be made with small, different colored notebooks,
such as assignment notebooks. Write the phongram or digraph on the
outside of the notebook. On each page write only one word.
For example, write oa on a notebook. On each page write only one word. on the first page write the word-
on the second page the word-
on the third page the word-
on the forth page the word-
on the fifth page the word-
Make several notebooks with different word groups.
Let your child read the books. This exercise is more difficult because you don't use pictures as reading clues.
The third material is the digraph or phonograms word list-
On sheets of paper or use a word processor to write out the word group
lists-ea in each word is written in a different color.
Your child reads the lists.
The fourth material consists of a large packet of smaller packets of
word groups of phonograms or diagraphs which are alike in sound such
as- ea, ee, ie, and y.
These small packets are usually envelopes with the sound is written on
the outside. All these small packets or envelopes are put in a large
envelop with all the letters written on the outside (ea ee ie y).
For example, in the ea envelope are cards with one word written on them
In the ee envelope are cards with one word written on them such as-
In the ie envelope are words such as-
In the y envelope are phonograms (y has an "e" sound) such as-
Again, your child reads the words in the packets.
Provide two, small moveable alphabets for your child to build the words.
Use two different colors. One color for the phonogram or diagraph
letters and the other color for the other letters.
Provide different colored pencils and small notebooks so the children
can write the words.
Children can work with any of these 4 exercises. I try to overlap with
the same words for all four exercises. This a great way to teach these
more difficult words without your child losing interest. Children like finding their own
new words and adding to the phonogram word lists.