Polar Newsletter Part 3: Geography of the Poles
The polar regions of the Arctic and Antarctic are unique. There is less solar radiation to warm the ice and ground. Their location on the earth results in a frozen environment. The temperatures don't often rise above freezing.
The Arctic is made up mostly of ice caps, ice sheets and glaciers. An ice sheet covers Antarctica. The Arctic area is mostly floating ice. The Antarctic is mostly a sheet of ice covering land. These areas are considered marine biomes because they are covered with ice and get their life and energy from the surrounding oceans.
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- Arctic is in the northern hemisphere
- Antarctic is in the southern hemisphere
- Mount Erebus is the most southern volcano located in Antarctica
- An iceberg separates from a glacier or ice sheet
- A glacier is a slow moving river of ice
- Ice floe is a fast moving glacier
- An aurora is a bright light in the night sky that comes from particles from the sun hitting the earth's magnetic field
- Midnight sun is when the sun shines all night during the summer months in either the Arctic or Antarctic areas
Types of Weather