everyone can do.

The Pink Tower

The Pink/Natural Tower
Age 2 ½ to 4
Materials: 10 solid wooden cubes
The pink tower varies from  1x1x1 centimeters to 10x10x10x centimeters

Stacked Pink Tower 
Purpose: Build blocks of graduated 3 dimensional sizes in order to understand sequence and order.

Presentation: Spread a mat or rug on the floor,Dr. Montessori used a green carpet in her first school. Carefully scatter the cubes over the mat. Build a tower starting with the largest cube. Choose slowly and with deliberation.

Grasp each cube with one hand to get the muscular impression of the size. Build the tower from largest to smallest. The child will probably not be able to do this with the largest cube with one hand, it is fine to use both hands.However,  the other cubes should be able to be grasped this way.
(Again the connection- the hand is visually measuring the cubes for the mind to process)
Exercise: The child builds the tower after the demonstration.
Using the 3 period lesson introduce the concept of large and small, large, larger, largest, small, smaller, smallest. Also, if your child is ready, you can count the numbers 1 through 10 starting with the smallest cube (1) to the largest cube (10). The concrete difference between 1 and 10 is the first step in understanding addition. Later, when you teach your child to count backwards, use the tower again. Count backwards from 10 as the largest cube down to the smallest cube (1). This visual aid is invaluable to understanding subtraction.

Advanced Exercise: When the child can build the tower easily have him or her build the tower with one corner exactly above the other all the way up, the two edges exactly even. The smallest cube can fit on each ledge on each level. This shows the size and difference between each of the cubes. Let your child use the smallest cube on each level to measure.

Develops -
1.Visual and small muscular perception of dimensions.
2. This awareness of dimensions leads to observation of the child’s environment.
3. Helps to make smoother and more coordinated movement.
4. Math readiness by introducing concepts of smaller, larger, prepares for the decimal and number system.
This helps to prepare for the cube root. 1000 smallest cubes make the largest 10th cube. 8 of the smallest cubes make the second cube, 27 of the smallest cube make the third cube, 64 of the smallest cubes make the fourth cube, 124 cubes make the fifth cube, and so on.

The cubes represent the concrete concept of the numbers of 1 through 10.

Error control. If the tower is incorrectly built, it will topple over. 

Hint: If the tower is too difficult give the child every other cube until he or she has mastered the exercise. Then add all ten cubes.


More Free Printouts for Pink Tower!

Pink Tower and Counting
Pink Tower Big and Small



posted at 5:47 p.m. on January 29, 2010

I had started to print off a set of pink tower cards for matching. The smallest cube had a one above it, the second cube had a two and so on...Well I ran out of ink and wasn't able to complete the process. I no longer see this on your site. I was wondering how I could find it and print it off again? Thanks, Amanda

montessori mom

posted at 10:24 a.m. on February 4, 2010

You can find the printout here- Also, if you use the search bar on you can find other newsletters and information.


posted at 10:59 a.m. on December 11, 2011

Hi, can someone please e-mail me the exact deminsions on the tower. I want to make my own.

posted at 4:44 a.m. on July 5, 2013

This is such a fun exercise for kids . I would like to know where I would get to buy these towers in retail .The Tower blocks could also be painted with letters and once the child is old enough to read them he/she could be asked to arrange them in order .

Kristen Lancaster

posted at 5:49 a.m. on January 8, 2015

My son is 4.5. Is he too old to benefit from this material? Are there extensions we can use? Thanks! ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ He may enjoy the pink tower. It is a great fundamental exercise for math. You can get a set of the smallest cubes to calculate the volume of the pink tower cubes at Nienhuis Montessori. It under "box with cubes for pink tower." It's a great extension. Start with the smallest cubes and gradually work your way up to the largest cube.

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